61  Those who died were Sgts Ronald Marsden (32nd Entry), David Horsfall (33rd Entry), Guy Pegler (37th Entry) and James Taylor (39th

          Entry). Plt Off (later Gp Capt DFC*) Ivan Whittaker (37th Entry) survived the raid. Air bomber Fg Off John Fort DFC (19th Entry) also

          survived but was killed in action with No 617 Sqn on 15 September 1943.

62   AP3003, A Brief History of the Royal Air Force, p58.

63   Myers, Commander Bill; ‘Two Shades of Blue’ in the Halton Apprentices Naval Wing Association publication. Copy held in TMA.

64   Their names are inscribed on the Fleet Air Arm Memorial at Lee-on-Solent.

65    ‘History of the Polish Aircraft Apprentices at RAF Halton and Cranwell 1943-1948’ in Halton Magazine, September 1943, p16. Copy held in


66    London Gazette No 34870, p3516, 11 June 1940. Posthumous awards. LAC Reynolds, the rear gunner in Garland’s crew, who was also

           killed, received no recognition. This is still a contentious issue in some quarters.

67    Hebblethwaite, Marion; One Step Further. Those whose gallantry was rewarded with the George Cross (Chameleon HH Publishing,

           Witney, various dates 2005-11).

68    MoD official, named, portrait photographs of apprentices who attained air rank are on display in the Trenchard Museum

69    For more detail see the RAF College Character Book and Ross Mahoney’s PhD thesis, ‘The Forgotten Career of Air Chief Marshal Sir

           Trafford Leigh-Mallory, 1892-1937: A Social and Cultural History of Leadership Development in the Inter-War Royal Air Force’, University

           of Birmingham, March 2014.

70    Current research programme at TMA.

71    BEA News, No 253, 28 October 1971.

72    Michelmore, Cliff and Metcalfe, Jean; Two Way Story (Elm Tree Books, London, 1986).

73    Halton Magazine, March 1944, p2.

74    Haltonian Magazine, June 2016, p31.

75    Hansard – see Note 59.

76    This was the first Colour Her Majesty presented to an RAF formation as Queen. In May 1951, as Princess Elizabeth, standing in for HM

            King George VI who was ill, she had presented a King’s Colour to the Royal Air Force.


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